氣「在」療法: 焦慮症*

近年來由美、歐發展出來的「另類療法」來勢洶洶(1)幾乎令傳統的生物醫學招架不住,另類療法的內容林林總總,種類之多令人眼花撩亂,有西方發展出來的生物回饋、行為醫學、心理神經免疫學、按摩、催眠、放鬆反應等等,也有東方文化的產物如針灸、氣功、中國、印度及西藏草藥等。

筆者有幸受前美國衛生署負責另類療法的Dr. W. Jonas 邀請寫「氣功療法」專章(2),將登於年底出版的另類醫學專書,在撰寫此章時,環繞於腦海裡的一個問題是,東方思想在這一革命性的運動環節裡,到底該扮演一個什麼樣的角色,或者能做些什麼貢獻?特別是在醫學理論架構裡,東方思潮的貢獻到底該定位在那裡?

答案是如果吾人能把「氣」的概念嵌合在西方的醫學理論裡,東方思想的貢獻便能突顯出來,西方的醫學理論可簡述為生物個體的身心狀態受內外因素影響之後,若產生失衡狀態就可能引起各種病症,這些病症持續到一定程度,就引起疾病,依其輕重緩急就產生不同的就醫行為。

西方醫學以生命科學的模式來了解身心失衡的科學機制,也從此一模式延伸出一套傳統醫療保健的方法。東方醫學理論基本上承認生命科學的觀點,但更進一步提出一個西方缺欠的觀念,即生物體除了是物質的生物個體外,另有一個氣的個體系統,此系統由經絡、筋路組成,而內外因素在影響個體身心狀態之前必先影響個體的「氣態」,氣態失衡後才導致身心失衡而引發症候群以致生病。日本人叫生病為「病氣」,也就是說氣先病人才生病,這個概念其實是很早從中國傳過去的。

如果疾病是因氣病而引起,那麼治病得先治氣,氣癒則病癒,因此筆者在此提出氣「在」療法的概念,目的是要喚起吾人瞭解氣的理論性與實踐性。「在」有兩個意義,一為存在的「在」,也就是承認氣的存在,從邏輯來推論,西方醫學如承認氣的實存性、實在性,就必須承認由此衍生出來的治療方法。而另類療法的興起雖然提升東方醫療法的價值,但卻是從醫療效果的層面著手,而非經由東西方理論的整合而來,這一點也就是筆者努力的目標之一(3, 4)。「在」的另一意義,以古漢語河洛話(台語)而言,「在」即是「有在無在」的「在」,也就是「穩不穩」的「穩」。故氣「在」的完整意義為氣在人在,氣穩人穩,氣亡人亡,氣亂人亂,氣健人健。

氣在療法是以調整氣的方法來做治療的工作(5),要達到治療的目的,治療者必須能掌握住病人氣之多寡,與是否失衡,同時必須熟悉氣之補瀉法、均衡法,氣虛則補,氣亢則瀉,氣若失衡必須使之恢復均衡狀態。而且治療者最好能教導病人一些簡而易學的有效應用方法,也就是氣的管理方法如省氣、長氣、存氣、養氣的方法,以及氣的鍛練方法(6)。

氣在療法對於焦慮症(7),手腳突然沒有辦法控制的抖動,或者手腳發癢、發麻、失去感覺等痞,療效相當顕著。

以下舉一案例做說明。

有一位50歲約250磅的美國人,John,他是計程車司機,由於得了嚴重的焦慮症,常常不能自己的突然抖動起來,深怕出車禍,導致不敢再以開計程車為業,已經兩年多。曾去神經科做檢查,神經系統完全正常,也接受心理治療師,但是沒有療效。

後來經人介紹到布魯克林的診所就醫,就診訪談診斷後,發現他的心理功能除了明顯的焦慮症之外,其他相當正常。經過氣的診斷後發現他全身氣的運行受損,氣滯、氣積得非常嚴重,主要原因在長期的開計程車,導致氣斷、氣滯、氣積。接受每週乙次氣的治療,瀉掉所積之氣,打通氣街、筋路,再做EMG的生物回饋訓練。並建議他1. 要有定時的休息時間,2.每天靜坐至少一、兩次3-5分鐘,3.多做運動,使緊張的肌肉鬆解下來。

John非常配合, 經過六個禮拜的治療以後,他就恢復工作再開計程車維生。

讀者若要多瞭解氣在療法的療效,可參考本網站氣的療法(Ki-energy Healing)提供的案例。

*此文依曾登於台灣中國時報1998年7月4日的原文修改後,再增加新的資料寫成。

(1)80年代的另類療法或另類醫學(Alternative Medicine)後來演變成互補醫學(Complementary Medicine),現在則稱為綜合醫學(Integrative Medicine),也稱為Functional Medicine。

(2)Lee, Ching-Tse & Lei, Ting.  QiGong, a chapter in “Essentials of Complementary and Alternative Medicine”. Edited by Wayne B. Jonas, M.D. and Jeffrey S. Levin, Ph.D., M.P.H. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999.

  (3) 李清澤: 氣之為學. https://kiologyacademy.com/2019/05/17/氣之為學/

  (4) Lei, Ting, Askeroth, Cecilia, & Lee, Ching-Tse. Indigenous Chinese Healing : Theories and Methods, in Handbook of Culture, Therapy, and Healing. Edited by Use P. Gielen, Jefferson, M. Fish & Juris G. Draguns, Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Publishers, pp. 191-212, 2004.

(5)氣的療法 https://kiologyacademy.com/氣的療法-ki-energy-healing/

(6)氣的鍛練 https://kiologyacademy.com/ki-energy-practices/

(7) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III). APA Association.

How to Jump Start Your Ki-Energy!

閲讀中文版請往下滑動:

Have you ever felt tired or exhausted? Here is a series of exercises to jump-start your Ki-energy!

In this modern day of high-energy-demand society, we need to effectively manage our Ki-energy expenditure. Otherwise, long-term energy drainage, energy imbalance or energy stagnation will inevitably result in health deterioration (1, 2). Three energy exercises below are designed to address this issue. 

This series of exercise is also effective in healing and health improvement. The following was a case in point. John, a 40 year old man, had severe Bradycardia for a year with frequent episodes twice a week. The symptoms lasted for about 72 hours. He had visited 5 physicians and received medication to reducebradycardia. However, there was not noticeable improvement of the condition. He then consulted an energy healer. Advice of managing one’s own  Ki-energy expenditure was given and practices of energy rejuvenation similar to the first exercise described below and sitting Energy Meditation were taught to John. John followed the instruction faithfully. Three weeks after the first consultation, “there was a big improvement”. The episode reduced to once every two weeks and it only last between 12 to 24 hours.  Currently, he got it about once a month and would be completely gone after he woke up from sleep. 

The exercises were designed by Lee and published in an article authored by Franny Heller Zorn (3).  “The first exercise generates Chi, the second balances it and the third facilitates it.”  This practice was also recommended as one of Reader Digest’s 37 Stress Management Tips from Experts (4). It is easy to learn and it is effective for managing your energy. “It does not require a lot of time. But it does demand total devotion of body, mind and spirit.” 

You can follow the instructions below to learn how to jump-start your Ki energy.  If you have any question about the exercise, please refer to the description in the article (See below) or leave comments.

Exercise 1: The Rejuvenator: Grand Ultimate Chi Gong—increase your energy level!

Standing in the Tai Chi posture with knees and head slightly bent*, placing palms facing each other in front of your body, eyes half closed, be aware of the Ki-energy between your palms. If you don’t feel Ki-energy, and then bring your palms closer to each other until you are aware of the warmth between your palms. Then gradually bring your palms apart, until you feel energy that is different from thermal sensation. If the energy activities are too strong, let the palms move away from each other. Within a minute or two, you will feel an increase in your energy level. Be one with your Ki-energy. The longer you practice, the more energy you will have. This exercise will rejuvenate your depleted energy.

Exercise 2:  The Calmer: Harmonization Chi Gong—balance your energy!

After you have done the first exercise for 3 to 5 minutes, your body will be quite relaxed, and then be aware of your breathing. As you exhale your body will contract and the palms will get closer to each other. As you inhale, the body will expand and the palms will move apart from each other. Be aware of your energy between your palms and around your body. The energy may be warm or cold, stronger or weaker. Be one with the breathing and the energy changes. The longer you practice the more will the energy become even and more balance. This exercise will restore the energy to a balance and equilibrium state.  

Exercise 3: The Energizer: Breathing Chi Gong—facilitate your energy flow!

At the end of exercise 2, without changing your posture, lower your hands to the side of your body. As you inhale, let your hands float up to your shoulder height, and then as you exhale, let your hands move out as though they are push out by your Ki-energy. As your hands are out straight, drop your wrists, then inhale. While you are inhaling, let the hands drop down. When the hands touch the trouser, exhale and let the hands drop all the way down. Repeat the sequences for 3 to 5 minutes. This exercise will facilitate your natural energy movement, and release your blocked energy.  

If you are tired, depleted or exhausted, practice these series of exercises to jump-start your energy. You can practice each one of them for as little as one minute or as long as you feel comfortable. The longer you practice, the more energy you will have. You are in fact depositing Ki to your “Energy Bank Account” for future use.

*You can also bend your knees as low as to about 45 degrees angle. However it may be too strenuous for some people.

1. Lee, Ching-Tse & Lei, Ting.  QiGong, a chapter in Essentials of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Edited by Wayne B. Jonas, M.D. and Jeffrey S. Levin, Ph.D., M.P.H. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999, 392-409. 

2. Schwartz, Tony & McCarthy, Catherine. Manage your energy, not your time. On Managing Yourself. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press, 2010, Pp. 61-78.

3. Zorn, Franny Heller. Chi Gong Ho. Longevity, 1994, Pp. 46-48, 84-86.

4. Castleman, Michael. 37 Stress Management Tips from the Experts. Reader’s Digest. https://www.rd.com/health/wellness/stress-management-tips/10/

如何快速補氣、長氣!

為了應付這個訊息萬變現代社會的各種挑戰,我們的氣很快的被消耗掉,導致常常覺得累、覺得疲倦,因此我們需要有效的方法來補氣、長氣,否則長期的消耗能量會導致健康警訊,軽則影響工作效率、生活品質,重則引起身心疾病。

以下的的練習方法,快速的增加氣的能量,這是根據我發表在「長壽」雜誌裡,「氣功好」的一篇文章而設計出來的,簡單易學。

以下的練習方法也有治病及增進健康。有位40歲的男性病人得了心臓緩慢症,一週犯病兩次,犯病時間長達72小時,嚴重時在街上走路時暈倒緊急送醫院,前後看了兩個醫生,也吃了藥,但療效不彰。與氣的治療師會診後,治療師教他管理氣、長氣及養氣静坐法,病人非常配合,三週後兩個禮拜才犯病一次,而且時間在12小時左右,最長24小時,而且再也没有葷送醫過。現在偶爾犯一次,而且自己可以調適不影響工作?

第一個方法補氣長氣法:即太極站椿法,兩腳與肩同寬,雙膝微彎,雙手掌心相對置於身前(如圖),眼平視、半閃,靜心的感覺雙掌之間氣的動態,如果感覺不到就把雙掌的距離拉近,有了氣感就可把雙掌距離拉遠。此式快則一、兩分鐘,慢則做了三、五分鐘後可以長氣,使消耗掉的氣快速補充回來。鍛鍊時間長短不拘,多練不僅可以把消耗掉的氣補回來,還可以「蓄氣」,把你的氣積蓄在你的「氣的銀行帳戶」。

第二個方法是氣的均衡法:站椿功做了三到五分鐘後,去感覺你的自然呼吸,當你全身放鬆時吸氣時身體會膨脹,吐氣時身體會收縮,雙掌的距離自然會拉遠或靠近,此時去感覺掌心或身體周圍的氣感,是強是弱、是溫是冷,練得愈久感覺愈明顯。久練此式可以讓失衡的氣態恢復平衡,達到均衡的健康狀態。

第三個方法是氣的運行法:是鄭子太極拳的起式(1)呼氣時雙手上浮及肩,吐氣時雙手自然前伸,氣盡落腕,雙手往下落時吸氣,兩手姆指觸褲時再往下落時吐氣。如此往還多次重複練習,可以讓氣更順暢的運行於身體裡外,亦即大小週天的運行,也讓血液循環改善,使微血管功能維持最佳狀態,提供身體需要的各種養分,這是維持身心健康的良方。

大家可以按照錄影來練習,時間長短不拘,但是要身心靈全部投入,持之有恒,鍛練的效果自然會呈現出來。如果有疑問的話,請看文章摘要或者留言以便作答。

*這套練習方法是根據氣學原理及源自如魚拳社陳取寬師傅所傳之鄭子太極原理設計出來的。